The Tanzania Ministry of Health strongly encourages women to bring their male partner to their first antenatal care (ANC) visit. This provides a unique opportunity to engage male partners in pregnancy care. Partner involvement in pregnancy care has been linked to improved health outcomes for the mother and child, yet challenges to male engagement in ANC persist.
An essential component of the first ANC visit is universal testing for HIV of the pregnant woman and, if present, her partner. In sub-Saharan Africa, men are less likely than women to test for HIV, and, if diagnosed positive, are less likely to link to care and remain in treatment. Therefore, this first visit could serve as an opportune moment to link men who test positive for HIV to care, and to involve men in supporting prevention of mother-to-child transmission among women who are diagnosed with HIV.