Assistant professor Dorothy Dow, a pediatric infectious diseases doctor, first went to Moshi, Tanzania, in 2011 to do research on preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission. But her focus soon shifted when she discovered a grim reality for adolescents with HIV: globally, AIDS-related deaths had declined by 30 percent in recent years, but among pre-teens and teens living with HIV, AIDS-related mortality had risen by 50 percent. And the circumstances in Moshi were no different.
Dow was determined to help turn the tide for these youth, many of whom have access to medication but aren’t taking it. She wanted to figure out why.